Shodh Sankalp Journal



Title :Livelihood Resilience in Gandak---- Kosi Floodplain WetlandsKosi Floodplain WetlandsKosi Floodplain WetlandsKosi Floodplain Wetland

                Author ; Pranati Patnaik, Anita Chakraborty

                Abstract:  Floods are an annual phenomenon in Gandak-Kosi floodplains of North Bihar. According to historical data, 16.5% of the total flood affected area in India is located in Bihar while 22.1% of the flood affected population in India lives in Bihar. Kosi River also referred to as the ‘sorrow of Bihar’ is one of the main reasons for flood in Bihar. Degraded ecosystem, climate variability and contested social structure have made communities inhabiting the Gandak- Kosi floodplains even more vulnerable to the vagaries of nature. To understand the geophysical, ecological and social context of risk in Gandak- kosi floodplains an integrated vulnerability capacity assessment was conducted in 85 villages within 6 districts under the Partners of Resilience project by Wetlands International- South Asia.Review of secondary information and analysis of the survey data of a total of 2,578 households of Gandak- Kosi floodplains indicates developmental activities skewed towards structural engineering have led to fragmentation of the floodplain wetlandsystem resulting in high sediment load within river channels which causes overbank flooding in the plains and loss to life and livelihood. Community perception of key elements at risk due to floods were natural infrastructure (70%)followed by shelter (> 60%), human life and asset (60%), drinking water source and sanitation structure (> 55%), source of food (50 %) and institutions (30%) respectively. Natural resources like ponds and grazing land experienced higher level of vulnerability in floods due to siltation. Since, majority of the communitydepend on wage labour, migration has been adopted as a response strategy for livelihood as well as for coping disaster in periods of stress. More that 60% of the households undertake migration during post-monsoon. Limited availability of early warning systems and lack of capacity to translate sophisticated weather information restricts early action and response during hazard. Measures to improve livelihood resilience in Gandak- Kosi floodplains should take into consideration improving hydrological connectivity, providing alternate livelihood options andincreasing disaster preparedness at both individual and community level.

Key words: Gandak- Kosi floodplains, Floods, Disaster risk reduction



Editorial board

Dr. Satyanarayan Pandey

Director of Client Strategy

Dr. Sunil Atulkar

Editorial Board Member

Dr. Pushpa kumari
Associate Professor, University Department of Economics, BBMKU, Dhanbad

Editorial Board Member

Dr. Anil Kumar

Editorial board





Projects Completed


Business Partner

Awards Won

Dr. Satyanarayan Pandey

Editor in chief

Lets get in touch!

Shodh Sankalp Education and Research
At Post- singdaha, District Dhanbad ,Jharkhand 828402

Monday - Thursday
8am - 6pm (PT)

8am - 5pm (PT)

Can’t wait? Drop us a note now!

Subscribe Now!